Spatio-temporal analysis of the cell compartments
The measurement of the dynamics of cell compartments is essential to the understanding of their mechanisms. It goes through the acquisition fast 2D or 3D images to be compatible with object tracking in time. The tracked objects can be for example:
- Vesicles in membrane trafficking
- Adhesion sites
- Kinetochores, centrioles & MTOC
- Polymerization sites on microtubules
- Single molecules (qDots, PALM/STORM)
Information obtained by the dynamic quantification are:
The measures extracted from object tracking are:
- The instantaneous and mean speeds
- Diffusion coefficients, in particular for the single molecules (SPT)
- The localization of departure and arrival compartments (ER, Golgi, plasmic membrane…)
- The centrifugal or centripetal direction
Examples of dynamic analysis of the membrane trafficking
Vesicles stained with LAR-PTP
In this partial video, all vesicles are tracked over time and instantaneous speeds are calculated.
Reference : V Racine, A Hertzog , J Jouanneau , J Salamero, C Kervrann and JB Sibarita Multiple-target tracking of 3D fluorescent objects based on simulated annealing, IEEE, ISBI 2006.
Membranes tagged with Rab6A protein
In this other application, vesicles tagged by Rab6a’-GFP are traced over time using a 3D deconvolution based video-microscope. The figure represents 3D trajectories of vesicles by superimposing of fluorescence image. The color coding of trajectories is made according to the instantaneous speed, Z position or temporal coordinate.
Reference : V Racine, M Sachse, J Salamero, V Fraisier, A Trubuil and JB Sibarita. Visualization and quantification of vesicle trafficking on a 3D cytoskeleton network in living cells. Journal of Microscopy, 2007.